A machine-woven carpet where an enormous variety of colors are used
to produce colorful patterns.
The term Berber is applied to carpet that has the off-white,
heathered look of cloaks used by the Berber tribes of
Africa. Berber carpets use flecked yarns most often in loop
styles. The size of the loops varies from large nubby ones to smaller
styles. Patterned Berbers are multi-level-loop as well as cut-and-loop
styles. Berber styles are also available in pastels and dark tones as
well as naturals.
A strip sewn over a carpet edge for protection against unraveling.
Carpet is bound to form rugs.
A term originally used to denote carpet produced in widths wider
than six feet. Today carpet comes in 6-foot, 12-foot, and 15-foot
A carpet or rug in which a raised pattern or engraved effect is
formed using heavy twisted yarn tufts on a ground of straight fibers.
Fabrics or yarns forming the back of the carpet as opposed to the
carpet pile or face. In tufted carpets, there are two backings: a
primary backing into which the pile yarn is inserted and a secondary
fabric backing laminated to the back of the carpet for reinforcement and
A variety of materials placed under carpet to provide softness and
longer wear when it is walked on. In some cases, the carpet cushion is
attached to the carpet when it is manufactured. Terms also used: lining,
padding, or underlay.
Fibers that form the upper surface of carpet.
Loose laid or self-adhesive backed "tiles" of carpet.
Made from clay or a mixture of organic materials, ceramic tile is
finished by kiln firing. Made in many shapes and sizes, it is glazed or
unglazed. For floors, tiles are set in a cement or mortar type mixture.
One of the earliest of modern resilient floor coverings, the
flooring is made from the bark of cork oak trees, a replenishable
Cork flooring is
available in tiles and sheet goods in natural unfinished cork, waxed
cork, resin-reinforced waxed and vinyl impregnated cork in many colors
including natural shades.
A multi-level loop carpet, where the taller loops are sheared. The
resulting uncut loops and sheared top loops create a sculptured pattern.
The texture and often subtle, variegated colorings help hide soil and
The face of a carpet where the surface is composed of cut ends of
Flat Weave rugs and carpets are flat woven items traditional to
India, made of cotton or silk. They are noted for soft colorations and
(Pronounced "free-zay") A tightly twisted yarn is used to give a
rough, nubby appearance to carpet pile. Frieze carpets may be loop or
Clay shaped into tiles, fire-hardened, and then covered with a matte
or glossy glaze to make the tiles more resistant to moisture.
Rugs made by pulling yarns or fabric strips through a mesh backing.
Many are designed in various colors to create a scene or design.
Carpet designed to be used outdoors.
Kilim or Kelim
A flat, woven rug, usually reversible.
Relatively new to
North America, laminates
have a dense fiberboard core with a paper pattern layer sealed both top
and bottom under high pressure with a plastic-like substance. Sold as
planks and panels in wood, stone, tile, and other looks.
Level Loop Carpet
A carpet style - woven or tufted - with a same-height loop surface.
One of the first resilient floors, it was introduced in the 1800s.
Made of linseed oil, gums, cork, or wood dust and pigments. Often the
term is used incorrectly to describe resilient floors made of vinyl.
Loop Pile Carpet
Carpet style having a surface made up of uncut loops.
Limestone flooring known for its elegant appearance created by
polishing its very hard surface. Now available in tiles.
Small ceramic tile, hard porcelain or glass, glazed or unglazed
mounted on a backing for ease of installation. Often mosaic tiles are
used to create designs for walls and floors.
Hand-woven or hand-knotted rugs native to the Middle or
Far East, available in many patterns and known
for their colorations. Many machine-made rugs, made using Oriental rug
designs, are also referred to as Oriental rugs.
Carpet designed to be used outdoors on patios, walks and decks.
Usually made of polypropylene to withstand the weather and ultra-violet
rays of the sun, most outdoor carpet is designed for glue-down
Flooring made up of wood that is laid or inlaid to create patterns,
most often geometric ones.
Patterned or Printed Carpet
Carpet having patterns applied by methods similar to printing paper.
These include flatbed screen printing, rotary screen printing. Stalwart
printing and modern computer programmed jet printing.
The upright ends of yarn, whether cut or looped, that form the
wearing surface of carpets or rugs. Sometimes called the face or nap of
Wood flooring made of long boards more than 3 inches wide.
A smooth, dense, cut pile carpet in which individual tufts are only
minimally visible, and the overall visual effect is a single level of
Glazed or unglazed ceramic tile made using an extrusion process. An
example is the terra-cotta squares used in the Southwest.
A sturdy, colorful rug hand-woven from cotton scraps.
Textured pattern created by shearing some of the top or higher loops
and leaving others looped.
A short piece of carpet from a roll of carpet that usually measures
less than nine feet long.
Smooth surfaced flooring (tiles, strips, or sheet goods)
manufactured by first combining a plastic material with filler and
pigments, and then processing them into sheets of different thickness.
If a backing material is used, the plastic sheet is joined to the
backing. Types include solid vinyl, backed or cushioned vinyl, rubber,
cork, and linoleum.
Today rubber flooring tiles and sheet goods is made from synthetic
rubber. It comes in ribbed, studded, or other raised patterns.
Carpet made or cut and bound into room dimensions and loose laid.
Cut-pile carpet in a relatively dense construction, with
well-defined individual tuft tips. Smoother finished saxonies are called
Any carpet pattern formed from high and low pile areas, such as
high-low loop or cut-and-loop.
A deep-pile texture with long-cut surface yarns. Shag carpet was
popular in the 1970s, and a new type of contemporary shag in more
up-to-date colors is gaining in popularity today.
Rugs, mats, and matting made from sisal, a natural plant material.
Available woven and dyed in various colors, as well as machine- and
hand-painted. Similar flooring is made of jute, coconut, and sea grass.
A naturally laminated rock that is often used in regular and
irregular shapes, and is embedded in cement or mortar to create a
hard-surface, patterned floor.
A chemical finish applied to carpet and fabric surfaces which
inhibits attachment of soil to fiber. It is usually a topical treatment
but may also be inherent in the fiber.
Solid Vinyl Flooring
This smooth-surfaced plastic floor is a mixture of vinyl resins,
plasticizer, fillers, and stabilizers with color added throughout the
product. Produced in either square tiles or sheet goods.
A chemical finish applied to or inherent in carpet fibers which
inhibits specific stains from adhering to or dyeing (staining) carpet
A carpet installation term for the give in carpet when it is pulled
over the pad onto tackless strips.
The most popular wood flooring, strip flooring is made of narrow
(typically2 1/4. 3-inches wide) tongue-and-groove boards that are
end-matched. Strip flooring wider than 2 1/4 inches is called plank
Where carpet is laid over pad and stretched to fit over tack strips
of wood with implanted tacks to hold the carpet snugly to the wall. Also
called wall-to-wall installation.
A smooth, multicolored floor made of marble or stone chips embedded
in a cement binder, and then highly polished. Traditionally terrazzo
floors are poured and set on site, but manufactured terrazzo tiles are
Carpet manufactured by tufting machines, which insert pile tufts
with needles that penetrate a primary backing fabric, thus forming
tufts. About 90% of all North American carpet is tufted.
Vinyl Composition Tile
These floor tiles are made from vinyl resins and filler materials to
create resilient flooring in assorted colors and patterns.
Woven carpet made in a variety of patterns and textures but with a
limited number of colors per pattern.
Most wood flooring is made of hardwoods, such as oak, maple, pecan,
beech, and birch. There is solid wood flooring and laminated flooring,
which combines wood layered in different directions for strength and to
inhibit shrinkage or expansion. Most wood flooring today is prefinished
at the factory for ease of installation and uniformity of finish.
Looms interlace warp (lengthwise) and
filling (widthwise) yarns to create a sturdy
textile for the floor. Much woven carpet is
produced in intricate, colorful patterns.